C1.1 – C1.2

Upon completion of Level C1 students can understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts, and recognize implicit meaning. Can express themselves fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions. Can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes. Can produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use of organizational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices.


Comprehension: Listening and reading

  • Students can generally understand everybody they talk to, though they may need to confirm some details, especially if the accent is unfamiliar.
  • They can understand enough to follow extended speech on abstract and complex topics of academic or vocational relevance, lectures, discussions and debates both within and outside their field. Can follow extended discussion even when it is not clearly structured and when relationships are only implied and not signaled explicitly.
  • They can understand complex technical information, such as instructions for operating equipment and specifications for products and services they know about.
  • Can understand in detail a wide range of lengthy, complex texts likely to be encountered in social, professional or academic life, texts where stated opinions and implied points of view are discussed, though they may want time to reread them.
  • They can scan relatively quickly through books and articles within their field of interests and assess their relevance to their needs.
  • Can understand lengthy, complex manuals, instructions, regulations and contracts in their field.
  • They can read extensively, for example enjoying novels without consulting a dictionary unless they want to note precise meaning, usage or pronunciation.


Production: Speaking and writing

  • They can express themselves fluently, adopting a level of formality appropriate to the circumstances and their relationship to the person they are talking to.
  • They can use language flexibly and effectively for social purposes, including emotional, allusive and joking usage.
  • They can keep up with animated discussions on abstract and complex topics with several speakers and can participate effectively even when people start talking simultaneously.
  • They can understand and exchange complex, detailed information on topics with which they are not personally familiar, pinpointing key areas where further explanation or clarification is needed.
  • They can use the telephone for a variety of purposes, including solving problems and misunderstandings though they may need to ask for clarification if the accent is unfamiliar.
  • They can give clear, well-structured descriptions or presentations on complex subjects and develop an argument systematically in well-structured speech, highlighting significant points, and concluding appropriately.
  • They can summarize orally long, demanding texts, putting together information from different sources and relate it in a coherent summary, in an appropriate style with good grammatical control.
  • They can write clear, detailed, well- developed short stories and descriptions of personal experiences conveying feelings and reactions in depth.
  • Because they have a good command of a broad vocabulary, they do not have to restrict what they want to say at all, can always find alternatives to express what they mean.
  • They can formulate statements in a very precise manner in order to indicate the degree of agreement, certainty, concern, satisfaction, etc.



Main C1 grammar points:

  • The coordination of tenses in the subjunctive mood-part two
  • Indirect speech – part two
  • Review and deepening of grammar starting from complex authentic material
  • Idiomatic expressions and colloquialisms – part one